beforeFajronColorIcon Non-timed Sunan/ Sunan of Sneezing/ ( and its count is 2 Sunan )
brightness_1 One who sneezes is not to be replied “Yarhamuk Allāh” except if he says “Al-Hamdu Lillāh”.

Anass (ABPWH) said, “Two men sneezed in the presence of the Prophet (PBUH) , and the Prophet (PBUH) answered one of them ‘Yarhamuk Allāh,’ and did not answer the other one. The latter said, ‘O Messenger of Allāh, you replied to him “Yarhamuka Allāh,” but you did not reply to me.’ The Prophet (PBUH) said, ‘He praised Allāh, and you did not praise Allāh.’.” (Al-Bukhāriy no. 6225)

In another Hadeeth, Abu Moussa Al-Ash‘ariy (ABPWH) reported that he heard the Messenger of Allāh (PBUH) say, “If one of you sneezes and then praises Allāh, respond to him with Tashmeet, and if he does not praise Allāh then do not respond to him with Tashmeet.” (Muslim no. 2992)

Tashmeet is replying to one who sneezes by saying, “Yarhamuka Allāh” (i.e. May Allāh have mercy on you).

If however it is a matter of education, such as a father educating his son or a teacher educating his students, then the father or teacher can ask the child who sneezed to say “Al-Hamdu Lillāh”, in order to educate him, as it might be that the child does not know this Sunnah.

Moreover, if someone has a cold and sneezes more than three times, then he should be answered “Yarhamuk Allāh” three times, but after the third time he should not be answered “Yarhamuk Allāh”.

This is indicated in the Hadeeth of Abi Hurayrah (ABPWH) who narrated the the Prophet (PBUH) said, “Answer your brother who sneezes, ‘Yarhamuk Allāh’ (i.e. May Allāh have mercy on you), three times. If however he sneezes more than than three times, then he has a cold.” (Abū Dāwood no. 5034)

In another narration reported by Muslim, Salamah Ubn Ul-Akwa‘ (ABPWH) narrated that when a man sneezed in the presence of the Prophet (PBUH) , Salamah heard the Prophet (PBUH) answering the man who sneezed, ‘Yarhamuk Allāh’ (i.e. May Allāh have mercy on you). Salamah continues that the man then sneezed again and the Messenger of Allāh (PBUH) said, “The man has a cold.” (Muslim no. 2993)

Thus, one who sneezes should not be answered in two situations:

1. If the one who sneezes does not praise Allāh the Almighty after sneezing.

2. If someone sneezes more than three times and is thus expected to have a cold.